Competition law

Google was found not to restrict competition from competing suppliers of online maps in Great Britain by the prominent and preferential display of Google Maps

Streetmap.EU Ltd v Google Inc. & Ors [2016] EWHC 253 (Ch) (12 February 2016)

The claimant (Streetmap.eu Limited) contended that the defendants (“Google” for simplicity) had abused a dominant position in general search engines by the prominent and preferential display given to their own related online map product, thereby restricting competition from competing suppliers of online maps in Great Britain according to Article 102 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (“TFEU”).

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The French Council of State validated the collective branch insurance and obliged French pharmacists to pay their social contributions to a specific health insurance fund

Conseil d’État, 1ère sous-section jugeant seule, 20/03/2015, 366345, Inédit au recueil Lebon

The present case concerns the complementary health insurance scheme in France and, in particular, the right to choose a health fund.

A Branch Agreement and a Ministerial decree created a mandatory supplementary health insurance for persons working in on-duty pharmacies obliging them to adhere to a specific health insurance body. Consequently, chemists had to pay their social contributions to the designed insurance body, without having the right to choose another public or private health fund.

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The French Supreme Court validated the collective branch insurance and obliged French bakers to pay their social contributions to a specific health insurance fund

Cour de cassation, Chambre sociale, 11 février 2015, 13-26.015 13-26.016, Inédit

The present case concerns the complementary health insurance scheme in France and, in particular, the right to choose a health fund.

A Branch Agreement, approved by a Ministerial decree, created a mandatory supplementary health insurance for persons working in bakery and pastry shops. Therefore, workers and employers had to adhere to a unique health insurance body. Consequently, they had to pay their social contributions to it, without having the right to choose another public or private health fund.

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